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A Wider Vision: A History of the World Congress of Faiths, 1936 - 1996 by Marcus Braybrooke


The Rev. Dr. Marcus Braybrooke DD., is a retired Anglical Clergyman. He was Executive Director Council of Christians & Jews 1984 - 87, and Chairman of the World Congresses of Faiths 1978 - 83 & 1992 - 99, and is its current President. He is the author of more than a dozen books. His Lambeth Doctor of Divinity was presented by the Archbishop of Canterbury in recognition of "his world-wide work for inter-religious understanding and co-operation." Published by Oneworld Publications, 185 Banbury rd, Oxford OX2 7AR England. Used by permission of the author. The material was prepared for Religion Online by Ted and Winnie Brock.


Notes


NOTES.

The quotation on the dedication page is from a hymn by F.W. Faber, 'Souls of men'. Hymns Ancient and Modern, No 364.

The quotation in the Preface is from Arnold Toynbee, 'End and Beginning' in The Observer, 24.10.54.

Beginnings

1. From Will Hayes' paraphrase of Tennyson's poem in Will Hayes, Every Nation Kneeling, published by the Order of the Great Companions, Meopham, Kent 1954, p.29.

2. Queen Victoria, quoted by R A Butler in an address to WCF at Caxton Hall on 4.6.43 in the WCF archives.

3. See Kenneth Cracknell, Justice, Courtesy and Love, Epworth Press 1995.

4. This is the sub-heading to Patrick French's full and vivid biography, Younghusband, HarperCollins Publishers 1994. There are several references below to this book.

5. Religions of Empire, ed William Loftus Hare, Duckworth 1925,pp. 18-19. See also the Manchester Guardian report for 23.9.24.

6. Ramsey MacDonald. File of press cuttings in WCF archives, 9/1.

7. Religions of Empire, p. 3

8. Report in The Observer, 14.9.24.

9. Evening News 6.9.24.

10. Religions of Empire, p.4.

11.Religions of Empire, p.3.

12. Manchester Guardian, 23.9.24.

13. The Record, 25.9.24.

14. Marcus Braybrooke, Pilgrimage of Hope, SCM Press 1992.

15. World Fellowship. Addresses and Messages by leading spokesmen of all Faiths, Races and Countries, Ed Charles frederick Weller, Liveright Publishing Co, New York 1935, p. 536. I have given a summary of the second Parliament in Marcus Braybrooke, Inter-Faith Organizations, 1893-1979, Edwin Mellen Press 1980, pp. 167-170.

16. World Fellowship, p. 10.

17. World Fellowship, p.59.

 

2. FRANCIS YOUNGHUSBAND.

1. Lord (Herbert) Samuel in a BBC broadcast soon after Younghusband's death. The text is in the WCF archives.

2. Sir John Squire, 'A Man of Action and Ideas', The Illustrated London News 7.3.53.

3. Dame Eileen Younghusband, 'My Father As I Knew Him', World Faiths, No 65, Spring 1966, p.2. See also French, p. 342.

4. Dame Eileen Younghusband op cit, p. 3 and p.5.

5. BBC broadcast by Francis Younghusband 1936. The Listener, 24.6.36., pp. 1195.

6. Quoted by K D D Henderson in 'Francis Younghusband and the Mysticism of Shared Endeavour', 1976 Younghusband Lecture, WCF 1976, p.9.

7. Chairman's speech at the WCF AGM, December 1940.

8. Inaugural address to WCF Paris Conference, 1939.

9. WCF Archives.

10. Francis Younghusband, Vital Religion, John Murray 1940, pp. 3-5.

11. Quoted in George Harrison's unpublished A Younghusband Anthology of Divine Fellowship.

12. Quoted by George Harrison, 'World Fellowship Through Religion', World Faiths, No 56, April 1963, p.5.

13. The Younghusband Collection, India Office Library, MSS EUR F 197/123

14. The Younghusband Collection, MSS EUR F 197/123, From a talk in New York on 18.4.35.

15. The Younghusband Collection, MSS EUR F 197/123. Interview in Great Thought by R L Megroz, August 1936.

16. French, p.7

17. Quoted in George Seaver, Francis Younghusband, John Murray 1952, p. 14.

18. Seaver, pp. 97-100.

19. French, p. 109.

20. French, p. 119

21. French, p. 295.

22. Quoted in Seaver, p. 274.

23. Vital Religion, op cit.

24. French, p. 295

25. French, p. 318

26. John Squire, op cit.

27. K D D Henderson, op cit , pp. 6-7.

28. Quoted from the Times Literary Supplement by George Harrison in 'World Fellowship Through Religion', World Faiths, No 56, April 1963, p.2

29. George Harrison, ibid,p.3.

30. Pilgrimage of Hope, p. 65, quoting from Vital Religion, p.17.

31. The Younghusband Collection, MSS EUR F 197/119. Notes for a talk at Westerham, Kent, p.11.

32, Quoted in A Peacock, Fellowship Through Religion, WCF 1956, pp.12-13.

3. THE 1936 CONGRESS.

1. The Younghusband Collection, MSS EUR F 197/119.

2. Minute book in WCF archives.

3. Ibid.

4. Lambeth Palace archives. Letter from Buckingham Palace of 5.5.36 and reply to Commander Campbell from the Archbishop of 6.5.36.

5. Lambeth Palace archives, letters of 17.6.36 and the archbishop's reply of 19.6.36 and the King's message, 3.7.36 in the WCF archives.

6. French, p. 369.

7. French, p. 368.

8. The papers are printed in Faiths and Fellowship, J M Watkins 1936 or 1937 (no date of publication is given). Yusuf Ali, Faiths and Fellowship, p. 24.

9. p. 47.

10. pp. 75ff.

11. pp. 104ff.

12. p. 151.

13. p. 268.

14. p. 131.

15. p. 224.

16. p. 422.

17. pp. 365ff.

18. Vital Religion, p. 93.

 

 

4. HOPING FOR A NEW WORLD ORDER IN THE MIDST OF WAR.

1936-1942.

1. The World's Need of Religion, Nicholson and Watson, 1937.

2. The Renascence of Religion, published for WCF by Arthur Probsthain, 1938.

3. Paris Conference. Louis Massignon

4. Paris Conference. Baron Palmstierna

5. Chairman's Circular Letter, No.6, May 1940

6. The Younghusband Collection, MSS EUR F 197/120, WCF 1939 AGM.

7. Chairman's Circular Letter, No.8

8. The Younghusband Collection, MSS EUR F 197/120.

9. Chairman's Circular Letter, No 1, October 1939.

10. Chairman's Circular Letter, October 1940.

11. Bedford College 1940 Conference Report, WCF Archives.

12. Church Times, 1940, cutting in WCF archives.

13. The Younghusband Collection, MSS EUR F 197/124

14. Chairman's Circular Letter, No 11, Feb 1941.

15. Chairman's Circular Letter, No 13, October 1941.

16. The Younghusband Collection, MSS EUR F 197/123.

17. The Younghusband Collection, MSS EUR F 197/120

18. French, p. 394.

5. CARRYING ON. 1942-1952.

1. Heather McConnell, The Times, 14.2.66.

2. Palmstierna's first Chairman's letter and at the AGM of 10.12.42.

3. Typescript of meeting. WCF Archives.

4. Typescript of meeting. WCF Archives.

5. Press cuttings and WCF minutes, WCF archives and the Bell papers in the Lambeth Palace archives.

6. See Marcus Braybrooke, Children of One God, Vallentine Mitchell 1991, p. 29.

7. WCF Executive Committee minutes, 22.5.45.

8. WCF Archives.

9. Minutes of AGM, 19.2.48, WCF Archives.

10. R.G Coulson, I am, Tunnicliffe and Paice, (ISBN 0 95035005 3 2) no date, p. 63.

11. I am, pp. 65ff.

12. John Stewart Wallace, 'The Shape of religion to Come', The Contemporary Review, August 1948.

13. John Stewart Wallace, 'Religion and the Philosophy of Synthesis', The Hibbert Journal, April 1950.

14. WCF Archives.

15. See for example, Hendrik Kraemer, Religion and the Christian Faith, Lutterworth, 1956.

6. NEW SHOOTS. 1952-1967.

1. The Times, 3.2.59.

2. The Times, 31.3.80. See also the discussion of Dr Runcie's Younghusband Lecture in chapter 8.

3. A.C.Bouquet, The Sacred Books of the World, Penguin 1954.

4. General Introduction by M A C Warren to William Stewart's India's Religious Frontier, SCM Press 1964.

5. W W Matthews, Forum, No 47, December 1960, pp. 1-4.

6. Report in The Christian Century, 15.3.56.

7. French, p. 365.

8. Elizabeth Barrett-Browning, quoted in Fellowship Through Religion.

9. WCF Archives.

10. WCF Archives.

11. Reg Sorensen, I Believe in Man, Lindsey Press 1970, p. 120.

12. World Faiths No 77, Autumn 1969, pp. 18-20.

7. KEEPING UP WITH CHANGE. 1968-1995.

1. Appleton papers, WCF Archives.

2. Appleton papers, WCF Archives. See also 'Opportunity Knocks',World Faiths No 80, Summer 1970, pp.3-8

3. George Appleton, Unfinished, Collins 1987, p. 16.

4. World Faiths, No 101, Spring 1977, p. 4

5. Letters by Archbishop Ramsey, 25.10.69 and 17.11.69 and by Edward Carpenter 7.11.69. WCF Archives.

6. Cyclostyled report by Rev Jack Austin, WCF Archives.

7. Lesley Matthias, report to the WCF executive, WCF Archives. See also World Faiths Encounter, No.3, Nov 1992, pp. 34-40.

8. Report by Elizabeth Montgomery Campbell in the WCF Archives, 17/3.

9. Report by Nikki de Carteret in the WCF Archives, 2/6.

10. Report by Pauline Astor, WCF Archives.

 

8. 'LECTURES, CHAT AND LUKEWARM COFFEE'.

CONFERENCES AND LECTURES.

1. World Faiths, No 65, Spring 1966, p.9

2. Forum, No 9 June 1951, pp.7-8.

3. Ibid, p.1.

4. Report by M O'c Walshe, Forum, No 35, Dec 1957, pp.3-7.

5. World Faiths, No 77, Autumn 1969. See above

6. World Faiths, Nos 101 and 102.

7. World Faiths Insight, New Series 22, June 1989.

8. World Faiths, No 110, Spring 1980.

9. World Faiths Insight, New Series 16 and 17, June and October 1987.

10. World Faiths Insight, New Series 22 -24, June and October 1989 and February 1990.

11. World Faiths, No 99, Summer 1976, pp. 22-3.

12. One Family, Summer 1994.

13. World Faiths Insight, New Series 8, January 1984, p. 33.

14. A Journey in Faith, WCF pamphlet and notes by Tom Gulliver and Dorothy Thomasson.

15. In Westminster Interfaith, July 1995.

16. World Faiths Insight, New Series 6, January 1983.

17. World Faiths, No 20, October 1988.

18. World Faiths, No 13, June 1986.

19. World Faiths, No 12, February 1986.

20. World Faiths, No 14, October 1986.

21. World Faiths, No 22, June 1989.

22. World Faiths Insight, New Series 16, June 1987.

 

9. 'TRULY EXTRAORDINARY: FOREIGN RELIGIONS IN A CHRISTIAN CHURCH'.

INTERFAITH PRAYER.

1. The Church Times, 19.11.1869, reproduced in the paper one hundred years later.

2. There is a growing literature on this subject and it is fully discussed in WCF's forthcoming publication from Oneworld Publications, Oxford. See, for example, Multi-Faith Worship?, Church House Publishing 1992.

3. The Listener, 24.6.36, p. 1195.

4. Will Hayes, op cit.

5. French, p. 398

6. Ibid

7. See Forum, No 16, March 1953, p.1. and No 17, JUne 1953, p.1

8. Sermon at Great St Mary's 24.9.67. See World Faiths, No 71, Winter 1967, pp. 13ff.

9. See Marcus Braybrooke, Inter-Faith Worship, Galliard 1974, p. 5.

10. Inter-Faith Worship, pp. 5-6.

11. WCF statement in WCF archives.

12. George Appleton, World Faiths No 81, Autumn 1970, pp.13-19.

14. Inter-Faith Worship, op cit.. The order of service arranged with Donald Swann is Appendix One, pp. 15-20.

15. Details from Rev Jonathan Blake, Whispering Trees, 273 Beechings Way, Rainham, Gillingham, Kent ME8 7BP.

16. One Family, Nos 8 and 9, 1995.

17. Religions of Empire, Ed William Loftus Hare, pp. 18-19.

 

10. 'PAGES ENRICHED BY LIVES DEDICATED TO TRUTH'.

PUBLICATIONS.

1. Memorandum by Heather McConnell, July 1974, in WCF archives.

2. Forum, No 44, March 1960, pp. 7-8.

3. World Faiths, No 48, March 1961, p. 10.

4. World Faiths, No 100, Autumn 1976.

5. Ibid, p 31.

6. Ibid, p. 13

7. World Faiths Encounter, No 1

8. Interfaith News, No 3, Autumn 1983.

9. Interfaith News, No 12, October 1986.

10. Interfaith News, No 25, February 1991.

11. Marcus Braybrooke, Faiths in Fellowship WCF 1976.

12. Faiths and Fellowship, J M Watkins 1936; The World's Need of Religion, Nicholson and Watson 1937; Renascence of Religion, Arthur Probsthain 1938.

13. Arthur Peacock, Fellowship Through Religion, WCF 1956.

 

11. WORKING WITH OTHERS.

1. Kathleen de Beaumont, My Memoirs. Privately published, no date, but about 1964, pp. 23-6.

2. Ibid, p. 36.

3. Ibid, p. 38.

4. Cambridge Daily News, 26.7.54.

5. French, pp. 399-400.

6. World Faiths Insight, New Series 16, June 1987, p.39.

7. World Faiths Encounter, No 4 March 1993, pp. 43-51.

8. Religions in the UK: A Multi-Faith Directory, Ed Paul Weller, University of Derby 1993.

9. Memorandum 26.6.78, quoted in Pilgrimage of Hope, p. 89.

10. Recomendation to AGM from WCF executive Committee, 15.3.86.

11. From the Introduction to The Handbook of the Inter faith Network of the UK. The address is 5-7 Tavistock Place, London WC1H 9SS.

12. 1994-5 Annual Report, p. 2

13. World Faiths No 48, March 1961, pp. 15-17.

14. World Faiths No 73, 1968, p.24.

15. Bernard Cousins, Introducing Children to World Religions, CCJ 1965.

16. World Faiths No 62, March 1965, p. 11.

17. World Faiths No 81, 1970, p. 20.

18. World Faiths No 86, 1972.

19. Initiation Rites; Death; Marriage in Family Life; all edited by John Prickett and published by Lutterworth, 1978, 1980 and 1985. The contact address is 88a Brondesbury Villas, Kilburn, London NW6 6AD.

20. SHAP, c/o National Society, 23 Kensington Square, London W8 5HN.

21. Religious Education Council, 1 Raffin Park, Datchworth, Herts SG3 6RR.

23. Week of Prayer for World Peace, 'Whispering Trees', 273 Beechings Way, Rainham, Gillingham, Kent ME8 7BP.

 

12. A YEAR OF INTER-RELIGIOUS UNDERSTANDING AND CO-OPERATION.

1993 IN BRITAIN.

1. Pilgrimage of Hope, SCM Press 1992.

2. A Study for 1993, Braybrooke Press 1992.

3. The Independent, 9.1.93.

4. For a fuller account see Marcus Braybrooke, Faith in a Global Age, Braybrooke Press 1995.

4. Programme for the Launch of 1993 as a Year of Inter-religious Understanding and Cooperation.

 

13. INTERNATIONAL LINKS.

1. See above p.

2. Ursula King, 'Exploring Convergence: The Contribution of World Faiths', World Faiths, No 106, Autumn 1978, p. 7.

3. World Faiths, No 107, Spring 1979.

4. In an article for The Spring, the Ecumenical magazine of the churches in Wells, Somerset, 1981.

5. World Faiths, No 111, Summer 1980.

6. Pilgrimage of Hope, p. 299.

7. Ibid, p. 302.

8. Visions of an Interfaith Future, Ed David and Celia Storey, International Interfaith Centre, Oxford. I give a personal impression of the events in Faith in a Global Age.

9. Council for a Parliament of the World's Religions, P.O.Box, 1630, Chicago, IL 60690-1630, USA.

International Committee for the Peace Council, W9643 Rucks Road, Cambridge, Wisconsin 53523, USA.

United Religions Organization, 1055 Taylor Street, San francisco, CA 94108, USA.

10. The address of the IARF and WCF offices and of the International Interfaith Centre is 2 Market Street, Oxford OX1 3EF.

12. Visions of an Interfaith Future, p. 25.

 

14. 'IN THE GREAT UNITY, WE ARE MEMBERS ONE OF ANOTHER'.

CONCLUSION.

1. Douglas Brown, The Church Times, 2.12.83, p. 12.

2. Kathleen de Beaumont, Forum, No 21, June 1954, p. 21.

3. The quotation is from Paul Tillich, Christianity and the Encounter of World religions, Columbia University Press, New York and London 1963, p. 97.

4. Quoted in A Peacock, Fellowship Through Religion, pp. 12-13.

 

 

1. Interreligious Insight, 1, 1, January 2003, p. 70.

2. Ibid. See also my A Heart for the World, John Hunt 2006 and my ‘The Mystics Contribution to the Inter-religious Movement’ in Intereligious Insight, 4, 3, July

2006, pp. 27-35.

3. World Faiths Encounter, 16, March 1997, pp. 4 – 17.

4 World Faiths Encounter, 17, July 1997, pp.18-33

5 World Faiths Encounter, 17, July 1997, pp. 34-38

6 World Faiths Encounter, 23, July 1999, pp. 17-24.

7 World Faiths Encounter, 27, November 2000, pp. 34-42.

8 World Faiths Encounter, 29, July 2001, pp 25- 36

9 World Faiths Encounter, 29, July 2001, pp. 37-43.

10 Interreligious Insight, Vol 1, No 1, Jan 2003, pp. 20 -33.

11 Excerpts from the lecture are given in Interreligious Insight, 1, 4. October 2003,

pp. 65-6, and on the World Congress of Faiths website.

12 One Family, July 2005

13 Tariq Ramadan, Western Muslims and the Future of Islam, Oxford University

Press, 2004, p.5.

14 See A Wider Vision, (book) p. 22 or p. 15 above.

15 See further One Family, , 12, July 1996.

16 For a full report see World Faiths Encounter, 30, November 2001, pp.58-64.

17 One Family, October 2003.

18 WCF has published a journal - known variously as Forum, World Faiths, World Faiths Insight – since the nineteen forties. See A Wider Vision, pp.126ff.

19 2003 Leaflet advertising the journal. See also, ‘What’s in a Name?’ in Interreligious Insight, 1,1 January 2003.

20 See further A Wider Vision, (book) pp. 117-125, or above pp. 74 ff

21 All in Good Faith, Ed Jean Potter and Marcus Braybrooke, World Congress of Faiths, 1997.

22 Testing the Global Ethic, Ed Peggy Morgan and Marcus Braybrooke, World Congress of Faiths, CoNexus Press and IIC, 1998.

23 See furtherr my Faith and Interfaith in a Global Age, CoNexus Press, braybrooke Press, 1998, pp. 73- 88.

24 One Family, October 2002

25 Keith Ward, The Case for Religion, Oneworld, Oxford, 2004, p. 5

26 One Family, 21, July 1999.

27 Interfaith Worship, Ed. Marcus Braybrooke, Galliard, 1974.

28 One Family, April 2006.

29 Tributes have been paid to him in Inte-religious Insight, 4,2, April 2006, pp.13ff.

30 Ecclesiasticus, 44, 3-4. (Jerusalem Bible).

 

 

 

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