A Christian Appeal to Islam

Article by Michael Saad

After years of enduring harassment and violence, Egypt’s Christians, the Copts, have seen their situation improve in recent months. The media have become more friendly to Christianity, and plans are being made to purge school textbooks of their hate messages. Certain newspapers have begun to publish articles that try to integrate Christians and their heritage …

A Different Kind of Islamic State

Article by S. Mark Heim

Delegates to the World Council of Churches’ Faith and Order Commission meeting in Kuala Lumpur in August had the novel experience of seeing their sessions covered in the Malaysian media with the intensity that normally attends national elections or the latest developments in the "Malaysian Idol" competition. Malaysian Christians enjoyed this unprecedented public attention given …

An Ecological Reading of the Qur’anic Understanding of Creation

Article by Jose Abraham

Introduction We are on the brink of a frightening ecological disaster. The earth is being destroyed at an alarming speed. It can no longer sustain the rate of our use of its resources. So our relationship with the rest of creation is seriously out of balance. The manifestations of this situation include air, water and …

Between East and West: Confrontation and Encounter

Article by Lamin Sanneh

Debating Muslims: Cultural Dialogues in Postmodernity and Tradition by Michael M. J. Fischer and Mehdi Abedi. University of Wisconsin Press, 600 pp., $49.75; paperback, $23.50. Striving Together: A Way Forward in Christian-Muslim Relations by Charles Kimball. Orbis, 140 pp., $10.95 paperback. Guidelines for Dialogue Between Christians and Muslims, by the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue. …

Bibliography  in  What can We Learn from Islam: The Struggle for True Religion

Book Chapter by Marcus Braybrooke

Books mentioned in the text: Ahmed, A S, Postmodernism and Islam, Routledge, 1992. Al Faruqi, Ismail R. Islam Argus Communications 1979. Arberry, A J, Doctrines of the Sufis, Cambridge University Press. Arberry, A, The Koran Interpreted, Oxford University Press, 1964. Ayoub, M, Redemptive Suffering in Islam, Mouton Publishers, the Hague, 1978. Aziz-us-Saud, U, A Comparative …

Bin Laden’s Reasons: Interpreting Islamic Tradition

Article by John Kelsay

In recent months, a legion of commentators on Islam have emphasized that true Islam has nothing to do with the killing of innocent people. Despite the apparent religious motives of the September 11 suicide bombers, President Bush and others have stressed that “Islam means peace.” But other commentators have responded that Islam is a militant …

Chapter 10: Islam in Indonesia by P. A. Hoesein Djajadiningrat  in  Islam -- The Straight Path: Islam Interpreted by Muslims

Book Chapter by Kenneth W. Morgan

The earliest historical record of Islam in Indonesia comes from Marco Polo (A.D. 1292) when he took a sojourn in Perlack on the north coast of Sumatra while he was on his way back to Venice. He found the people there had been converted to Islam by “Saracene” merchants. Today Indonesia has the largest population of Muslims, mostly Sufi, with its distinctive mysticism.

Chapter 11: Unity and Diversity in Islam by Mohammad Rasjidi  in  Islam -- The Straight Path: Islam Interpreted by Muslims

Book Chapter by Kenneth W. Morgan

The texts of the Qur’an are still and will always be valid, but we should understand them in the light of present knowledge. At the present time, there are four major tendencies in the Islamic world — orthodoxy, reform, Sufism, and Shi’a. One of the great tasks facing religious scholars in our time is the re-examination of the jurisprudence of Islam in the light of reason and modern knowledge.

Chapter 4: The Rational and Mystical Interpretations of Islam by A. E. Affifi  in  Islam -- The Straight Path: Islam Interpreted by Muslims

Book Chapter by Kenneth W. Morgan

This chapter discusses the interpretations gleaned from the writings of the old schools of Muslims — mystics and rationalists, including both the theologians and the philosophers — who are not usually regarded by the orthodox school as strict Muslims, but whose influence on Muslim thought and practical religious life is felt even today.

Chapter 9: Islamic Culture in China by Dawood C. M. Ting  in  Islam -- The Straight Path: Islam Interpreted by Muslims

Book Chapter by Kenneth W. Morgan

The rise and fall of Islam in China. Most Chinese Muslims are descendants of Arabian, Iranian, or Turkish parents who came to China by the various trade routes, intermarried with the Chinese and adopted Han customs. Thus, both cultures are mixed which has led to many unique contributions from China. Islam interacted with Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism.

Do Christians and Muslims Worship the Same God? Part Five

Article by Wells. Samuel

(In late 2003 President Bush said, in response to a reporter’s question, that he believed Muslims and Christians "worship the same God." The remark sparked criticism from some Christians, who thought Bush was being politically correct but theologically inaccurate. For example, Ted Haggard, head of the National Association of Evangelicals, said, "The Christian God encourages …

Do Christians and Muslims Worship the Same God? Part Four

Article by S. Wesley Ariaraja

  (In late 2003 President Bush said, in response to a reporter’s question, that he believed Muslims and Christians “worship the same God.” The remark sparked criticism from some Christians, who thought Bush was being politically correct but theologically inaccurate. For example, Ted Haggard, head of the National Association of Evangelicals, said, “The Christian God …

Do Christians and Muslims Worship the Same God? Part One

Article by Jon D. Levenson

  (In late 2003 President Bush said, in response to a reporter’s question, that he believed Muslims and Christians "worship the same God." The remark sparked criticism from some Christians, who thought Bush was being politically correct but theologically inaccurate. For example, Ted Haggard, head of the National Association of Evangelicals, said, "The Christian God …

Do Christians and Muslims Worship the Same God? Part Three

Article by J. Dudley Woodberry

  (In late 2003 President Bush said, in response to a reporter’s question, that he believed Muslims and Christians "worship the same God." The remark sparked criticism from some Christians, who thought Bush was being politically correct but theologically inaccurate. For example, Ted Haggard, bead of the National Association of Evangelicals, said, "The Christian God …

Do Christians and Muslims Worship the Same God? Part Two

Article by Lamin Sanneh

  (In late 2003 President Bush said, in response to a reporter’s question, that he believed Muslims and Christians "worship the same God." The remark sparked criticism from some Christians, who thought Bush was being politically correct but theologically inaccurate. For example, Ted Haggard, head of the National Association of Evangelicals, said, "The Christian God …

Glossary of Islamic Terms  in  Islam -- The Straight Path: Islam Interpreted by Muslims

Book Chapter by Kenneth W. Morgan

Abbasid — Caliphate at Baghdad from 132 (A.D. 750) until the Abbasid dynasty was crushed by the Mongols under Hulagu in 656 (A.D.1158). Adat — in Indonesia, pre-Islamic customs which persist even though not reconciled to Islamic law. Ahmadiyvah — branch of the Qadiani sect founded at Qadian (now in India) by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad …

Muslim in America

Article by Diana L. Eck

"If you lose your children, no number of mosques will help you." These words of Jamal Badawi are repeated in one form or another by Muslims all over America. Speaking at an annual meeting of the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA), Badawi continued: Establishing of Islamic schools, in the environments in which we live, …

Muslim Visitors Question the American Way: Puzzled by Pluralism

Article by Patricia M.Y. Chang

Since the 9-11 terrorist attacks the U.S. State Department has sponsored a number of study programs that bring Muslim scholars from around the world to the U.S. with the aim of showing off the American way of separating church and state, and demonstrating how American society is able to both nurture faith traditions and support …

Preface  in  Islam -- The Straight Path: Islam Interpreted by Muslims

Book Chapter by Kenneth W. Morgan

The faith of Islam, and the consequences of that faith, are described in this book by devout Muslim scholars. This is not a comparative study, nor an attempt to defend Islam against what Muslims consider to be Western misunderstandings of their religion. It is simply a concise presentation of the history and spread of Islam and of the beliefs and obligations of Muslims as interpreted by outstanding Muslim scholars of our time.

Radical Islamic Anthropology: Key to Christian Theologizing in the Context of Islam

Article by David Emmanuel Singh

In outlining the possibilities of Christian thinking in relation to Islam I had in a paper attempted to present my views on the reasons for the lack of enthusiasm about the importance of Christian-Muslim interface for theologizing.1 I had introduced the idea of the different purposes of the Bible and the Qur’an as an approach …

Reading Islam

Article by Charles A. Kimball

Prior to September 11, 2001, a substantial majority in the United States approached Islam with a strange kind of detailed ignorance. For many Americans the words Islam and Muslims evoked disjointed images of violence, religious fanaticism, rejection of the modern world, mistreated women, and praying men bowing in the direction of Mecca. Popular Western perceptions …

Waiting for the Mahdi

Article by Thomas Finger

When Iran president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad addressed an open letter to George W. Bush in May 2006, he invoked Judgment Day, the day when the deeds of all political leaders will be examined. Ahmadinejad asked Bush whether either of them would be accepted "in the promised world, where… Jesus Christ (Peace Be Upon Him) will be …