Activist Television: Sociological and Public Policy Implications of Public Service Campaigns

Article by John M. Phelan

Unlike most advanced countries in the world, the United States does not have a ministry of culture. This may be because, as a nation of immigrants, America is a land of many cultures — and languages as well. The French may tolerate their Academy, which rules with authority on what can properly be said in …

Advertising: Commercial Rhetoric

Article by John M. Phelan

“Advertising.” Entry for Dictionary of Theology and Society. Eds. Paul A.B. Clarke and Andrew Linzey. London: Routledge, 1995. Essay on the moral and ethical implications of commercial rhetoric and their adaptations for political, religious, public order and public service purposes.   Definitions Advertising is a social institution that produces advertisements within a political economy of …

Communication: From Confrontation to Reconciliation

Article by Carlos A. Valle

We live in a world of confrontations in need of reconciliation. What are the grave problems that beset us? What are the possible ways of resolving them? Is reconciliation a realistic, adequate, viable solution? Does communication have anything to contribute along the proposed road from confrontation to reconciliation? Let’s begin by pointing out some of …

Digital Advantage for Development

Article by Cees Hamelink

Promises Digital Information-Communication Technologies (ICTs) promise the world a "new civilization", an "information revolution", or a "knowledge society". Once ICTs have realized worldwide access for all to information, new social values will evolve, new social relations will develop, the "zero sum society" comes to a definite end. According to the digital utopists the ICTs will …

Global Communication for Justice, a National Council of Churches Policy Statement

Article by National Council of Churches

Introduction The National Council of the Churches of Christ in the USA, through its programs of mission and witness, seeks to join with others in defining and creating the conditions for a more just world order. As a new millennium approaches, a unique opportunity exists to replace Cold War animosities, which have dominated the last …

Human Rights in Cyberspace

Article by Cees Hamelink

Cyberspace is the virtual communicative space created by digital technologies. It is not limited to the operation of computer networks, but also encompasses all social activities in which digital information and communication technologies (ICT) are deployed. It thus ranges from computerised reservation systems to automated teller systems and smart cards. With the ‘embedding’ of digital …

Media: Their Structure and Moral and Public Policy Import

Article by John M. Phelan

Definitions “Media” is the plural of “medium.” “Media” is shorthand for “mass media of communication” in advanced technological society. “Medium” refers to a single method of encoding and delivering messages to a broad public; thus, radio is a medium, television is a medium, newspapers constitute one medium; lumping together radio and television in all their …